‘The Way To Freedom’ (1994)

Written by Rob Hogendoorn

1 minute

In 1994, the Dalai Lama reiterated the view on homosexuality and sexual acts he had deemed improper in his first self-penned text in 1963 almost verbatim in the book The Way to Freedom, edited by Donald Lopez:

“The last of the three negative actions of the body is sexual misconduct, which is a sexual act performed with an unsuitable person, with an unsuitable part of the body, at an unsuitable time, in an unsuitable place, or against the will of the other person‐which of course includes rape. For a man, unsuitable women include one’s own mother, the wife or girlfriend of someone else, prostitutes temporarily paid by someone else, one’s relatives, or ordained women, like nuns. It also includes other males. Unsuitable parts of the body are the anus and the mouth. Unsuitable places are around the residence of one’s own spiritual master or near a stupa or inside a temple or in the presence of one’s own parents. Unsuitable time for a man is when the woman is having menstruation, when she is pregnant, and when she is suffering from an illness that intercourse would worsen. If a man engages in sexual intercourse in these ways, even with his own wife, it is said to be sexual misconduct. Generally speaking, intercourse is engaged in out of attachment, but one could also do so out of hatred, such asa man sleeping with the wife of an enemy. It is also sometimes done out of ignorance, thinking that through sexual intercourse one can gain great realizations. The negative action of sexual misconduct can only be committed by oneself, and the act is made definite when the two sexual organs meet.” (p. 95-96)

Dalai Lama - The Way to Freedom (1994) REDUX-BW

About the author

Rob Hogendoorn

Investigative reporter and academic researcher Rob Hogendoorn (b. 1964) began researching the reception of Buddhism in Western society and culture in the early 1990s. His modus operandi remained the same ever since: independent, inquisitive and provocative.